The Poultry and Livestock
sector is an integral part of the farming in Bangladesh and is contributing
tremendously towards poverty alleviation, self-employment, nutritional
enhancement and agricultural resource development. Less capital and time are
required to adopt the program while it generates a substantial return for
the households engaged in this sector. Approximately 70% of the landless
women are directly or indirectly involved in traditional poultry rearing
activities. It is a good source of income for rural women as they have some
experience in poultry rearing. Poultry rearing could be more effective if
poultry mortality could be reduced with the improvement of local breed. At
the same time, nutritional level of the family could be enhanced.
BEES started its poultry
and livestock program since its inception and has vast experience in
operating this program. In 1997, BEES has been started implementing the
program with a revised strategy incorporating some new components and
assistance. The major objectives of the poultry and livestock program are to
increase income particularly of women, reduce poultry & livestock mortality,
improve the variety of poultry birds & upgrade the local breeds of livestock
through crossbreeding, fulfill the protein requirement of the rural poor and
The program is being
implemented by BEES with the assistance from the Bangladesh Government and
with the own source of BEES. Selected group members are provided with
different types of training on poultry and livestock rearing and management.
BEES makes vaccination facility available to the beneficiaries through Govt.
Livestock and Poultry Department. BEES also arrange credit facilities for
the target group members. Apart from these, BEES provides services through
its technical staff to the program beneficiaries.
To utilize the poultry
and livestock potentials fully towards poverty eradication, nutritional
enhancement and sustainable agricultural resource development.
Under this program BEES
provide training to staff as well as beneficiaries. During the reporting
period July 2002-June2003, a total of 11 program staff and 1,172 target
beneficiaries received training against the target of 14 and 1,300
respectively which implies about 79% and more than 90% achievement
respectively. A total of 7 project staff and 880 target beneficiaries
received training on “Small Poultry Farm Management” while 4 staff and 292
beneficiaries received training on “Small Cattle Farm Management”.
The training courses for
the staff were facilitated by a pool of resource persons from the Dept. of
Livestock and Poultry while the courses for beneficiaries level were
conducted and facilitated by the trained staff of the program at field
level. A total of 1,910 beneficiaries were covered under the program during
the reporting period against the target of 2,050 beneficiaries, which
signifies more than 93% achievement. Achievements in the area of training
with regard to small poultry and small cattle farm management training under
the program were quite satisfactory.
In the area of loan
disbursement, during the reporting period July 2002-June 2003, more than 17
million taka has been disbursed which was 90% of the annual target. Out of
the total disbursed loan, an amount of Tk. 69,30,000 was disbursed to 880
beneficiaries for poultry farming and amounting to Tk. 1,01,70,000 was
disbursed to 1,030 beneficiaries for cattle rearing and farming.
Of the total loan amount,
41% was received for poultry farming and 59% was obtained for cattle rearing
In this regard, the
program staff put their earnest efforts to establish poultry farms and
arrange high breed cattle for cattle rearing farms. During the reporting
session, a total of 2,900 high breed poultry birds and 530 high breed cattle
were arranged for the target beneficiaries and BEES supported to establish
58 small poultry farms and 28 small cattle rearing farms. Moreover, a huge
number of poultry birds were also collected by the staff from different
private sources which have been distributed to the beneficiaries.
During July 2002-June
2003, a total of 65,326 poultry and about 16,000 cattle were vaccinated
under the program intervention with assistance from Livestock and Poultry
Department of the government. It has definitely a positive impact of the
training course on poultry and livestock vaccination at beneficiary level.
After receiving the training, the beneficiaries became aware of the need of
vaccination and to meet their requirement the program staff had to take
serious efforts to collect required quantity of vaccines from the Govt.
Dept., which was not readily available at upazila level.
One of the most vital
objectives of the poultry and livestock program is to improve the average
monthly income of each of the target beneficiaries. Keeping the objective in
mind, the program staff concentrated their efforts at all the critical
aspects of the program activities. As a result of their sincere efforts,
they were able to bring a satisfactory result by increasing the average
monthly income up to Tk. 522 from their baseline status of Tk. 356, which
indicates that each of the poultry farmers was able to increase her/his
average income by Tk. 166 per month. Similarly, those who were engaged in
cattle farming, were able to increase their average monthly income up to Tk.
718 from their baseline status of Tk. 554, which indicates that each of the
cattle farmers was able to increase her/his average income by Tk. 164 per